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香港司法制度 Hong Kong judicial system

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12國際法律泰斗 ,指控香港司法受大陸操控 ,林鄭袁國強 ,心中有鬼回應無力
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C0163G1tOX8
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雙學三子判囚 12國際法律權威聯署表憂慮
「港法庭受中共擺佈」
http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/news/first/20171017/20185481

【聲援良心犯】
【本報訊】雙學三子衝擊公民廣場案,在律政司司長袁國強提出覆核刑期下,三子被上訴庭重判入獄6至8個月,惹來國際社會持續關注。12名來自英、美、澳洲、加拿大及南非等世界各地的法律界權威昨發表聯署公開信,批評雙學三子案顯示本港法治精神受到嚴重威脅,亦違反「雙重定罪」的法律原則,擔心香港司法獨立或淪為聽命於中共的幌子,恐香港法庭受中共擺佈。
記者:謝明明

參與聯署的12名法律界人士來自英國、美國、加拿大、澳洲、南非及馬來西亞等地區,包括英國前大法官兼司法大臣范克林(Charles Falconer)、英格蘭及威爾斯大律師公會人權委員會主席Kirsty Brimelow、曾代表中國已故諾貝爾和平獎得主劉曉波的美國著名人權律師Jared Genser等。

指公安條例違國際公約
公開信發表於facebook文政網專頁,該專頁由一群海外香港留學生建立,宗旨是以倫敦及多倫多為基地聯繫港人,以文章及論壇會友,探討香港文化及政治發展。
聯署信指,他們高度關注黃之鋒、周永康及羅冠聰被判入獄事件,認為有關判刑顯示香港法治精神受嚴重威脅,亦違反「雙重定罪」的法律原則。聯署信批評,港府起訴雙學三子的《公安條例》違反《公民及政治權利國際公約》。
聯署信引述香港終審法院非常任法官包致金曾表示:「香港法官想保護司法獨立,但他們面對來自北京的壓力越來越大。」信中又提及中國政府於2014年公佈的《一國兩制白皮書》,指中央對香港有全面管治權,並指香港法官須愛國及聽命於中央政府的執行者。

律政司反駁:誤解港法制
聯署者擔心作為香港支柱的司法獨立,或淪為聽命於中共的幌子(The independence of the judiciary, a pillar of Hong Kong, risks becoming a charade, at the beck and call of the Chinese Communist Party)。信件最後指出,一國兩制核心所在的香港法治與基本自由,正面對嚴峻威脅。
律政司發表千字文逐一反駁聯署信內容,指聯署信忽視上訴庭在判詞中的觀點,即被告並非因表達其政治觀點而被定罪或判刑,而是他們的行為涉及暴力,上訴庭已考慮被告完成社會服務令,給予刑期扣減,絕不存在「雙重定罪」。而律政司亦根據法例,在被告被判刑後14日內申請刑期覆核,並非在被告完成原定刑罰後才提出覆核。
律政司又反駁,這宗案件與白皮書或包致金發表的意見毫無關係。律政司強調,香港的司法機構一直維持真正獨立運作,並以非常高的水平履行其專業職責,聯署信所指香港的司法獨立面臨威脅等說法毫無根據,律政司指相關人士對相關案件及香港的法律制度存在誤解,對此感到遺憾。
立法會司法及法律事務委員會委員、大律師楊岳橋指出,香港多年努力建立外界對本港法治的信任,但今次律政司的覆檢予人涉政治決定的感覺,摧毀外界對本港法治的信心,令外國投資者卻步,最終港人利益受損。他促請當局應考慮將刑事檢控權從律政司轉交獨立的刑事檢控專員或進行相關改革,挽回國際社會對香港法治的信心。
法政匯思召集人任建峰表示,歡迎國際社會對本港法治表示關注,認為聯署信提及中國公佈的《一國兩制白皮書》、本港法治受威脅等確須正視。但他對聯署信指「雙重定罪」等觀點有保留,指刑期覆核不算雙重定罪或審完再審。




聯署公開信全文
http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/news/art/20171017/20185525

As lawyers, we regard the imprisonment of Joshua Wong, Alex Chow and Nathan Law in Hong Kong as a serious threat to the rule of law and a breach of the principle of“double jeopardy” in Hong Kong– in violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

These student activists led the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong in2014– one of the most peaceful public protests the world has seen. Joshua Wong, Nathan Law and Alex Chow were already punished by a court a year ago. Joshua and Nathan respectively served80 and120 hours of community service, and Alex received a three-week suspended sentence. Yet the Hong Kong government decided to reopen the case and sought tougher punishments.

The law under which they were charged, the Public Order Ordinance, has been criticized by the United Nations for“facilitat[ing] excessive restrictions” to basic rights, and is incompatible with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights(ICCPR), which applies to Hong Kong. Human rights organisations have long urged Hong Kong to revise the ordinance to comply with the ICCPR.

Serious concerns over the independence of the judiciary arise. Court of Final Appeal judge Kemal Bokhary warned of“storm clouds” over the judiciary five years ago. Hong Kong’s judges want to protect its independence, but they face increasing pressure from Beijing. In2014, China issued a White Paper declaring that Beijing has“comprehensive jurisdiction over Hong Kong”– instead of“the high degree of autonomy” provided for in the Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law, Hong Kong’s constitution. China also announced that Hong Kong’s judges are merely“administrators” who must love the country and be"subject to oversight by the central government”. The independence of the judiciary, a pillar of Hong Kong, risks becoming a charade, at the beck and call of the Chinese Communist Party.

Hong Kong’s rule of law and basic freedoms, at the heart of the principle of“one country, two systems”, now face grave threats.

Kirsty Brimelow QC
Patrick Burgess Australia– former head of human rights in the UN in East Timor and President of Asia Justice and Rights(AJAR).
Lord Carlile of Berriew CBE QC
Sir Desmond De Silva QC
Lord Falconer of Thoroton QC– former Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
Jared Genser– Freedom Now
Justice Richard Goldstone(South Africa)
Andrew Khoo(Malaysia)
David Matas(Canada)
Michael Mansfield QC
Rajiv Menon QC
Sir Geoffrey Nice QC– former chief prosecutor in the trial of Slobodan Milosevic

[ 本帖最後由 Anonymous 於 2017-10-21 15:23 編輯 ]
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