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有違公德罪破壞公眾體統罪 Acts Outraging Public Decency

有違公德罪破壞公眾體統罪 Acts Outraging Public Decency

III. 為維護公眾道德而訂立之性罪行
http://www.clic.org.hk/tc/topics/sexual_offences/III_Sexual_offences_to_protect_public_morality/
A.猥褻
B.作出有違公德的行為
C.與賣淫相關罪行
D.獸交
E.亂倫

B. 作出有違公德的行為
http://www.clic.org.hk/tc/topics/sexual_offences/III_Sexual_offences_to_protect_public_morality/B_Acts_Outraging_Public_Decency/

根據普通法,任何人作出嚴重違反公德的行為,屬刑事罪行。

此罪行的最高刑罰是監禁7年。由於這是普通法罪行,香港並沒有任何法例訂明刑罰。最高監禁7年這個刑罰,是根據《刑事訴訟程序條例》(香港法例第221章)第101I條訂出。此條例指出,如果任何罪行的刑罰並沒有由任何香港法例訂出,最高刑罰為監禁7年。

訂立有違公德罪是為了防範思想腐化、道德敗壞、有傷風化及破壞秩序的事發生,重點在於被告的行為及公眾對被告行為的觀感。法庭考慮公眾對被告行為的觀感時,會採用社會上一般有合理思維的人的標準。

一般而言,有關罪行適用於所有非常可恥/有違公德/冒犯及令人厭惡/敗壞道德、有傷風化的行為。

控方必須證明被告是在公眾地方進行有關行為,換言之,其他公眾人士確實有機會目睹被告的所作所為。被告的行為必須是十分下流、猥褻或令人厭惡至傷風敗俗的程度,但控方毋須證明目睹被告行為的人感到被冒犯。雖然控方可以傳召目擊者出庭作證,但最終須由法庭審訊,以決定被告的行為是否有違公德。

控方亦毋須證明被告有意作出傷風敗俗的行為,或沒有理會自己的行為是否有違公德。控方只要證明被告有意作出該等行為,致使其他人指控他/她有違公德,便已足夠,例如在公眾地方猥褻露體。



欠事主作供難控非禮 破壞公眾體統控罪較闊
https://hk.on.cc/hk/bkn/cnt/news/20171231/bkn-20171231153854112-1231_00822_001.html

執業大律師陸偉雄指出,非禮罪即猥褻侵犯罪,當中最重要的元素是要證明事主在不同意的情況下被人觸碰、侵犯,故案中的事主亦要出庭作供,以表示自己於事發時並不同意有關的碰觸,但今次事件中的6名女事主皆已離去,即使警方以猥褻侵犯罪來控告,由於證據不足,疑犯亦能以「未知事主是否真的不同意」來辯解,在疑點利益歸於被告的情況下「好大機會打得甩」,因此一般會改控破壞公眾體統,即有違公德罪。

有違公德罪有別於非禮,其控罪範圍相對較闊,觸犯的條件包括一些社會所不容的行為,即觸及社會底線的行為,例如影裙底。若警方於疑犯的手機內找到相關照片,證據確鑿,固然可控以有違公德罪,但原來即使沒有照片作證亦能入罪。陸指:「有可能佢當時因為技術問題影唔到,又或者手震對唔準,但佢嘅行為係意圖去影裙底,咁樣已經係觸及社會底線,正常人唔會喺街上面咁樣做。」正如今次事件,正常女子不會願意在街上讓一個陌生男子觸摸臀部,故警方依照目前得到的證據,以破壞公眾體統將其拘捕。

陸續指,猥褻侵犯屬香港法例第200章《刑事罪行條例》第122條,當中提到,任何人猥褻侵犯另一人,即屬犯罪,一經循公訴程序定罪,可處監禁10年。至於有違公德罪則屬普通法,無列明判刑上限,而一般無列明判刑上限的罪行,最高可判監禁7年。陸又提到,有違公德罪在判刑上沒有限制,疑犯可被判以即時入獄、緩刑等任何刑罰,而猥褻侵犯則有所不同,疑犯可被判任何刑罰,除了緩刑。另外,以上2罪皆必須判以監禁性刑罰,包括即時入獄、緩刑及社會服務令。

[ 本帖最後由 ChairmanMao 於 2018-11-7 03:41 編輯 ]

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B. Acts Outraging Public Decency
http://www.clic.org.hk/en/topics/sexual_offences/III_Sexual_offences_to_protect_public_morality/B_Acts_Outraging_Public_Decency/index.shtml

It is an offence at common law for a person to do an act or acts which outrage public decency.

The maximum punishment for the offence is 7 years imprisonment. As the offence is a common law offence, there is no specified punishment in any Ordinance in Hong Kong. The maximum punishment of 7 years imprisonment is provided by section 101I of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap. 221) which sets out the maximum penalty for offences which are not created by a Hong Kong Ordinance.

The offence is intended to prevent the corruption of the mind and the destruction or erosion of values of decency, morality and good order. The focus is upon the defendant’s action and its affect upon members of the public. In considering the affect upon members of the public, the courts apply the standards of right thinking members of the community.

In general, the offence applies to all grossly scandalous behaviour or behaviour that openly outrages indecency or is offensive and disgusting, or is injurious to public morals by tending to corrupt them.

The prosecution must prove that the activity complained of was committed in public. That means the offence must be committed in circumstances where there is a real possibility of members of the public witnessing the act. What is done must be sufficiently lewd, obscene or disgusting to be an outrage to public decency. It is not necessary for the prosecution to prove that persons who witnessed the act were outraged. Though the prosecution can call evidence from persons who witnessed the act, ultimately the question of wheter the act outrages public decency is for the court trying the case.

It is not necessary to prove that the defendant intended to outrage public decency or was reckless whether or not the public would be outraged. It is sufficient for the prosecution to prove the defendant intended to do the act which gives rise to the allegation of outraging pubic decency. Example of this offence includes indecent exposure in public.

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法庭:涉偷拍警嫂裙底 警長毀證:因太緊張
http://orientaldaily.on.cc/cnt/news/20181107/00176_067.html

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